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American Realism In Pastels
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Frequently Asked Questions About Reproductions/Prints

What Is A “Giclee” (Pron: zheeclay) Print?
This is a new and sophisticated, computer aided technique, printed with special ink.  Much has been said about this process in recent years, particularly in regard to the longevity of the inks used.  However, newly developed inks have been tested to show a “life” of 70 to 100 years eliminating much of the concern over this issue.  The colors of these reproductions are especially bright and pure, and the accuracy to the original is unlike any other reproduction process. The papers used are quite heavy watercolor types and edition sizes are usually kept under 300.

What Are Offset Reproductions?
An "Offset Reproduction" is the most common type of fine art print.  Also known as "offset lithographs", the process begins with the original painting being photographed and separated into 4 negatives; red, blue, yellow, and black.  From the negatives, special light sensitive plates are created or “burned” for each color.  The plates are fastened to drums on a printing press and partially submerged in the corresponding ink color.  The inks are rolled onto the sheets of paper as they’re fed through the press.  The majority of printing is done this way and is what most people refer to as "prints".   An offset lithograph is an entirely mechanical process.

What Is A Signed & Numbered Limited Edition Print?
A "Signed and numbered" print is a print from the edition that was published and individually signed by the artist. Each print will have its own number.  If you owned a print that was numbered 25/500, this means that out of 500 prints that comprise the edition, you have the 25th one that was signed by the artist.

What Is A "Remarque"?
This is a small original sketch or painting that is done somewhere in the margin of a limited edition print. Usually an interesting detail from the painting is chosen and drawn as the remarque.

What Is An Open Edition Print?
Often, an artist or publisher will decide to make an image available to the public in unlimited quantities. There is no predetermined edition size.  Occasionally, it is a smaller sized version of one that was previously published as a limited edition print.  Sometimes it may be a vignette, or just a section of the original.  Most often, the art will not have been previously published. The paper and inks used are usually of lesser quality than those used for limited editions, and the artist neither signs nor numbers the prints.   As a result open edition prints are far less expensive.

What Is An "AP", or Artist's Proof?

It is a select part of a limited edition print run, where the artist & publisher select out a certain amount of the prints, typically about 10% of the total edition. The quality of the print is the same.  If there were 50 prints set aside for the artists proofs, they will be numbered AP 1/50, (or 1/50 AP) up to AP 50/50.  Some collectors prefer AP's because they consider them a separate, small edition, but in actuality, it’s not.

What Is A Serigraph?

This is a reproduction process that more closely mimics original art, but it is still a reproduction. They are usually done in significantly smaller edition sizes and are done much like a silk screen print.  Layer after layer of ink is applied, one color at a time, until it is finished.   Sometimes 30, 40, or even more screens are applied to achieve the desired results.  The finished print is more brilliant in color and has a more “original” look to it.  They require a much higher degree of work by the artist than offset reproductions.  This technique does not lend itself well, however to every artist's style. Edition sizes vary, but are usually no more than a few hundred.

What Is A Poster?

A poster print is a lithograph that is often done to commemorate an event or used as an advertisement.  Old movie posters fall into this category.  They have much appeal and are often used in decorating.  The quality of paper used by the publisher varies from publishing house to publishing house. The same is true of the inks used in printing.  They are an inexpensive way to decorate and the subject matter is limitless.  It is not hard to find posters that have universal appeal.  Many works by the "Old Masters" such as Monet, Manet, Renoir, Cassatt, O Keefe, and others are often printed as "posters".  They are open editions, although sometimes you will find one that has gone "out of print".

How about Art for Investment?
One cannot say that this does not sometimes prove exciting and fruitful.  However, it is not unusual to find that a print does not appreciate in value.  Buying art for investment is not usually recommended.  The person who buys a work of art because he/she really likes it will never be disappointed.  If it is a reproduction or original that does indeed go up in value over the years, it is an added benefit. Before making any decisions on investing in art it is wise to seek help and advice.  Many services and professionals like Thomas Ek Fisher Investments can provide various investment tips.

Some believe that collecting an “emerging”, living artist’s work has much greater potential for investment appreciation than work of deceased artists.

What Is Proper Care For A Reproduction?

As with any piece of art careful attention to handling and placement are important for best preservation.  In a few words, keep out of direct sunlight and away from extreme heat and moisture.  If a print is purchased with the idea of reselling it at some point, it needs to be kept in perfect condition.  Handling in such away as to avoid any creasing is necessary.


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